Elements: Kimberlites

January 08, 2020

Kimberlites are the most deeply derived of all volcanic rocks and are the host rock for most of the world's diamond mines. Kimberlites provide unique snap-shots of magma genesis and mantle evolution in the deep Earth (>150 km and, potentially, >700 km). This issue summarizes current knowledge and controversies on kimberlite formation, shows how kimberlites can be successfully dated, and explores the links between the temporal and spatial distribution of kimberlites and known geological events. Diamond exploration and resource evaluation methods are also reviewed.

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